Africa needs reforms more than ouster of dictators-analysts

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The crisis in Sudan seems to worsen each day after the ouster of former president and dictator Omar Al Bashir.

Omar who ruled the country for 30 years was overthrown and arrested by the armed forces on April 11, 2019. The military took over the leadership of the country which has now been marred by violence and demonstrations.

Demonstrations increased on Wednesday as soldiers shot on protestors who had placed barricades outside specific areas in Khartoum. This violence was preceded by another one on Monday where six people were killed.

The military council running Sudan had a meeting with the opposition where both parties agreed to a three-year transition period to civilian rule.

The public are also demanding for an immediate full civilian rule as they are engaging in a sit-in outside military headquarters in the capital.

However, this situation is not extraordinary as it is a replica of the state of some of the African Nations which have been able to remove ruling dictators such as Libya and Zimbabwe.

This state of nations calls for citizens to look at their situations before and after dictators have been removed. As much as change requires sacrifices, the countries seemed to have been in a better place under the rule of dictators than in the military governance.

Libya was one of the wealthiest countries in Africa with rich oil reserves. However, after its liberation from the dictator Muammar Gaddafi it has been broken apart.

The citizens of Libya are currently struggling to get food, security, and fuel. The country, which had been at peace for more than four decades under Muamar Gaddafi is now split between military rulers and rival governments.

The political situation in Libya as dynasties fight for a share of Libya’s loot has led to limited access of basic services and displacements of thousands of Libyans. According to WHO 392 people have been killed and 2,000 wounded in Tripoli due to the ongoing clashes.

“This country is getting worse every day and the Libya we knew is gone. There is nothing that is unifying the country and this is taking us to disintegration,” says Mohamed Buisier, Libyan political adviser told aljazeera.

In Zimbabwe the optimism that accompanied the ouster of President Robert Mugabe has dwindled. The country is facing pending economic collapse and social disintegration as the government struggles to recover the monetary state of the country.

The country is in desperate need of reforms if the government wants to keep it stable and get donors after the removal of Mugabe.

The state of African countries after removal of dictators shows that dictatorial rule is not the only problem these nations face. It is also evident from Libya that military rule is not a better option to dictatorial rule.

The citizens of nations need to have clear reforms and specific civilian leaders who will take over from the dictators to avoid the state of confusion that comes after the revolution.

The political discourse after revolution should involve steps such as reconciliation and healing of divisions before development and implementation of strategies take place.

Dictators hinder development of countries but the reforms have to be in place before the new government brings change.

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