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HomeTop StoriesCOMMENTARY: "Unity and stability are key" - Raila Odinga

COMMENTARY: “Unity and stability are key” – Raila Odinga

In Summary

  • In his latest commentary, opposition leader Raila Odinga takes a swipe at what he describes as “emotional appeals and irrational arguments” on how to move the country forward.

“We have elections in a year’s time. Coming amid the ravages of Covid-19, everyone is talking about the economy, which fits into a yearning Kenyans have long held; for a globally competitive and prosperous country that also offers a high quality of life.

We continue to aspire to transform Kenya into a newly-industrialising, middle
income country within the shortest time. In pursuit of these worthy goals, we have tried many things: Harambee, District Focus for Rural Development, Devolution, Vision 2030 and now the Big Four agenda.

Many others are already emerging, including the emotional appeals and
irrational arguments on how to create prosperity. One thing we have never given the attention it deserves, and is missing in our current discussions, is the role of political unity and stability on our aspirations. We have tended to act as if we can stumble into economic growth and prosperity however disjointed and unstable the country is and regardless of how we govern.

Keys to Economic growth, Job creation


Long-term stability, which results from effective and clean governance, is a key
plank for economic growth and job creation. Even the best economic plan will fail
to create prosperity if government is ineffective, the country divided and political
landscape shaky.


Kenya must therefore always strive to keep a balance between economic
development, social and political stability and effective government. It is only when
the political situation remains stable and inspires confidence in our future that we
are able attract the investments we need for rapid economic progress.

That is why I started these conversations with an assertion that to move forward,
Kenya has to invest in prolonged stability and social cohesion out of our ethnic and
religious diversity. Only then shall we be able to pronounce, we are ready.
To illustrate why unity and stability are worth investing in, look no further than
2007-2008 and the lesson we ought to pick from it. In 2003, the Narc administration picked an economy that was growing at zero per cent and pushed it to seven percent. In 2008, the Grand Coalition government picked up an economy that had collapsed from about seven per cent back to zero per cent, thanks to the election violence.

Lessons from PEV


For me, the 2007-2008 election violence was a lesson in unity and stability as
inevitable ingredients of economic development. Any leader who takes these two
for granted is lying about commitment to creating a prosperous nation.

A country that constantly worries about conflicts and uncertain regime changes
cannot have its population to concentrate on working, saving, and investing.
There can be no steady investment in factories for jobs without political stability. A
new government may be elected from the unstable environment, sometimes by
taking advantage of the desperate situation and promising miracles. But without
stability, that government will not fulfill its promises, leading to another round of
frustrations and more instability.


The Grand Coalition Government succeeded largely because it brought the
diversity of Kenya on to the table and embarked on systematically addressing the
issues that were identified to be at the heart of the mistrust, frustrations and
bitterness.

So how do we invest in stability?


For me, it begins with the brand of politics we play, how we mobilize support,
particularly during the campaigns. In the recent US election campaigns, President Barack Obama made a fundamental statement: “if you have to win a campaign by dividing people, you’re not going to be able to govern them. You won’t be able to unite them later if that’s how you start.”


If you want to govern later, start by uniting the people. You begin by pitting people
against each other; the poor against the rich, the young against the old, one faith
against the other, tribe against tribe, you end up with a hopeless government in a
divided country.


Kenya needs to build a tradition for inclusive political processes and non-violent
competition for political power. In a diverse society like ours, no single man or
woman can be the nation’s messiah.
We need a tradition of putting the people and the nation first. We must begin
creating a shared understanding by our people that we are one country in a continent struggling to find its space in the world, and our progress depends on our
ability to unite, pursue and defend our space and interests, otherwise we all lose.
This is impossible to realize in a political environment that thrives on drumming up
chauvinistic and xenophobic support.


We need leaders who worry more about the future of the people and the country
than own future. Such leadership translates into an environment that makes
everyone realize that their individual fates are intertwined with that of the nation.
In such an environment, citizens and leaders can fight for personal and sectional
interests, but still put the country’s interest above their own.

National Vs Individual Survival

Kenya requires leadership whose core reflexes is for national and not individual
survival, with a demonstrated capacity to put national interests first and personal
interests next, if at all.


We need to cultivate a culture of political leadership that is able to create
confidence in what the government promises or does. When people begin doubting
what the leaders are promising or doing, everything gets lost, resisted or slowed
down. Stability stems from the credibility of the leadership.


With that credibility, the country’s leadership will be able to explain, implement
and mobilise mass support even for policies that are temporarily inconvenient to a
section of the population but good for the nation in the long run. When we mobilize
support through emotional and irrational appeals, we have to govern through
similarly emotional and irrational policies, a clear recipe for instability.
We need to pursue core long-term and consistent, not erratic policies with clearly
defined goals.


There is no path to jobs, good schools, hospitals, industries and security other than
political stability enabled by constant pursuit of reform and development while
always putting people and the nation first. It takes sound politics and Kenya needs
it now more than ever.”


-Raila Odinga, is the party leader, Orange Democrative Movement.

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